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Installation

index


Raspberry Pi Setup Guide

We have a dedicated setup guide for setting up Node.js, NVM, CNC.js, Autostart with pm2, all tested on the Raspberry Pi. Go to http://www.wwwwhbzs.cn/docs/rpi-setup-guide/ for more details.


Getting Started

Node.js Installation

Node.js 4 or higher is recommended. You can install Node Version Manager to manage multiple Node.js versions. If you have git installed, just clone the nvm repo, and check out the latest version:

git clone https://github.com/creationix/nvm.git ~/.nvm
cd ~/.nvm
git checkout `git describe --abbrev=0 --tags`
cd ..
. ~/.nvm/nvm.sh

Add these lines to your ~/.bash_profile, ~/.bashrc, or ~/.profile file to have it automatically sourced upon login:

export NVM_DIR="$HOME/.nvm"
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && . "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" # This loads nvm

Once installed, you can select Node.js versions with:

nvm install 4
nvm use 4

If you’re using Node.js 4 or earlier versions, it’s recommended that you upgrade npm to the latest version. To upgrade, run:

npm install npm@latest -g

Installation

Install cncjs as a non-root user, or the serialport module may not install correctly on some platforms like Raspberry Pi.

npm install -g cncjs

If you’re going to use sudo or root to install cncjs, you need to specify the --unsafe-perm option to run npm as the root account.

sudo npm install --unsafe-perm -g cncjs

It’s recommended that you run Raspbian Jessie on the RPi2 or RPi3. For Raspbian Wheezy, be sure to install gcc/g++ 4.8 before npm install.

Check out http://www.wwwwhbzs.cn/docs/installation/ for other installation methods.

Upgrade

Run npm install -g cncjs@latest to install the latest version. To determine the version, use cnc -V.

Usage

Run cnc to start the server, and visit http://yourhostname:8000/ to view the web interface. Pass --help to cnc for more options.

pi@rpi3$ cnc -h

  Usage: cnc [options]
  
  Options:

    -h, --help                          output usage information
    -V, --version                       output the version number
    -p, --port                          set listen port (default: 8000)
    -l, --host                          set listen address or hostname (default: 0.0.0.0)
    -b, --backlog                       set listen backlog (default: 511)
    -c, --config <filename>             set config file (default: ~/.cncrc)
    -v, --verbose                       increase the verbosity level
    -m, --mount [<url>:]<path>          set the mount point for serving static files (default: /static:static)
    -w, --watch-directory <path>        watch a directory for changes
    --access-token-lifetime <lifetime>  access token lifetime in seconds or a time span string (default: 30d)
    --allow-remote-access               allow remote access to the server
    --controller <type>                 specify CNC controller: Grbl|Smoothie|TinyG|g2core (default: '')

  Examples:

    $ cnc -vv
    $ cnc --mount /pendant:/home/pi/tinyweb
    $ cnc --watch-directory /home/pi/watch
    $ cnc --access-token-lifetime 60d  # e.g. 3600, 30m, 12h, 30d
    $ cnc --allow-remote-access
    $ cnc --controller Grbl

Instead of passing command line options for --watch-directory, --access-token-lifetime, and --allow-remote-access, you can create a ~/.cncrc file that contains the following configuration in JSON format:

{
    "watchDirectory": "/path/to/dir",
    "accessTokenLifetime": "30d",
    "allowRemoteAccess": false,
    "controller": ""
}

To troubleshoot issues, run:

cnc -vvv

Configuration File

The configuration file .cncrc contains settings that are equivalent to the cnc command-line options. The configuration file is stored in user’s home directory. To find out the actual location of the home directory, do the following:

  • Linux/Mac

    echo $HOME
    
  • Windows

    echo %USERPROFILE%
    

Check out an example configuration file here.

File Format

{
  "ports": [
     {
       "comName": "/dev/ttyAMA0",
       "manufacturer": ""
     }
  ],
  "baudrates": [115200, 250000],
  "watchDirectory": "/path/to/dir",
  "accessTokenLifetime": "30d",
  "allowRemoteAccess": false,
  "controller": "",
  "state": {
    "checkForUpdates": true
  },
  "commands": [
    {
      "title": "Update (root user)",
      "commands": "sudo npm install -g cncjs@latest --unsafe-perm; pkill -a -f cnc"
    },
    {
      "title": "Update (non-root user)",
      "commands": "npm install -g cncjs@latest; pkill -a -f cnc"
    },
    {
      "title": "Reboot",
      "commands": "sudo /sbin/reboot"
    },
    {
      "title": "Shutdown",
      "commands": "sudo /sbin/shutdown"
    }
  ],
  "events": [],
  "macros": [],
  "users": []
}

Git Installation

If you prefer to use Git instead of npm install, You can create a local clone of the repository on your computer and sync from GitHub. Type the following commands to install and run cnc:

git clone https://github.com/cncjs/cncjs.git
cd cnc
git checkout master
npm install
npm run prepublish
./bin/cnc

To update your local copy with latest changes, use:

git checkout master
git pull origin master
npm install
npm run prepublish
./bin/cnc

This is the fastest method to bring your local copy up-to-date.


Docker Image Installation (x64 only)

Alternatively, you can install and run a Docker image within a Docker container. The first installation may take a long time to complete, but further updates will be much faster.

To install and set up cnc, take the following steps:

Step 1: Enter the following command to retrieve the latest version of the image:

docker pull cncjs/cncjs:latest

Step 2: Use the docker run command to create the Docker container and run the server, like so:

docker run --privileged -p 8000:8000 --rm --name cnc cncjs/cncjs:latest

By default a container is not allowed to access any devices, but a “privileged” container is given access to all devices on the host.

Step 3: If everything works fine, you should be able to view the web interface at http://yourhostname:8000/.

Docker Images

https://hub.docker.com/r/cncjs/cncjs/tags/

Tips

If you run into issues and need to restart the Docker container, use the following commands to first stop the Docker application, and then start it up again:

docker stop cnc
docker start cnc 

To view a list of all containers that are currently running in your Docker environment, use:

docker ps

To view all the images you have pulled into your Docker environment, use:

docker images

To delete containers in your Docker environment, use:

docker rm CONTAINER_ID

To delete images in your Docker environment, use:

docker rmi IMAGE_ID

To view the container in your terminal, use:

docker attach cnc
Topics:

Installation

index


Raspberry Pi Setup Guide

We have a dedicated setup guide for setting up Node.js, NVM, CNC.js, Autostart with pm2, all tested on the Raspberry Pi. Go to http://www.wwwwhbzs.cn/docs/rpi-setup-guide/ for more details.


Getting Started

Node.js Installation

Node.js 4 or higher is recommended. You can install Node Version Manager to manage multiple Node.js versions. If you have git installed, just clone the nvm repo, and check out the latest version:

git clone https://github.com/creationix/nvm.git ~/.nvm
cd ~/.nvm
git checkout `git describe --abbrev=0 --tags`
cd ..
. ~/.nvm/nvm.sh

Add these lines to your ~/.bash_profile, ~/.bashrc, or ~/.profile file to have it automatically sourced upon login:

export NVM_DIR="$HOME/.nvm"
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && . "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" # This loads nvm

Once installed, you can select Node.js versions with:

nvm install 4
nvm use 4

If you’re using Node.js 4 or earlier versions, it’s recommended that you upgrade npm to the latest version. To upgrade, run:

npm install npm@latest -g

Installation

Install cncjs as a non-root user, or the serialport module may not install correctly on some platforms like Raspberry Pi.

npm install -g cncjs

If you’re going to use sudo or root to install cncjs, you need to specify the --unsafe-perm option to run npm as the root account.

sudo npm install --unsafe-perm -g cncjs

It’s recommended that you run Raspbian Jessie on the RPi2 or RPi3. For Raspbian Wheezy, be sure to install gcc/g++ 4.8 before npm install.

Check out http://www.wwwwhbzs.cn/docs/installation/ for other installation methods.

Upgrade

Run npm install -g cncjs@latest to install the latest version. To determine the version, use cnc -V.

Usage

Run cnc to start the server, and visit http://yourhostname:8000/ to view the web interface. Pass --help to cnc for more options.

pi@rpi3$ cnc -h

  Usage: cnc [options]
  
  Options:

    -h, --help                          output usage information
    -V, --version                       output the version number
    -p, --port                          set listen port (default: 8000)
    -l, --host                          set listen address or hostname (default: 0.0.0.0)
    -b, --backlog                       set listen backlog (default: 511)
    -c, --config <filename>             set config file (default: ~/.cncrc)
    -v, --verbose                       increase the verbosity level
    -m, --mount [<url>:]<path>          set the mount point for serving static files (default: /static:static)
    -w, --watch-directory <path>        watch a directory for changes
    --access-token-lifetime <lifetime>  access token lifetime in seconds or a time span string (default: 30d)
    --allow-remote-access               allow remote access to the server
    --controller <type>                 specify CNC controller: Grbl|Smoothie|TinyG|g2core (default: '')

  Examples:

    $ cnc -vv
    $ cnc --mount /pendant:/home/pi/tinyweb
    $ cnc --watch-directory /home/pi/watch
    $ cnc --access-token-lifetime 60d  # e.g. 3600, 30m, 12h, 30d
    $ cnc --allow-remote-access
    $ cnc --controller Grbl

Instead of passing command line options for --watch-directory, --access-token-lifetime, and --allow-remote-access, you can create a ~/.cncrc file that contains the following configuration in JSON format:

{
    "watchDirectory": "/path/to/dir",
    "accessTokenLifetime": "30d",
    "allowRemoteAccess": false,
    "controller": ""
}

To troubleshoot issues, run:

cnc -vvv

Configuration File

The configuration file .cncrc contains settings that are equivalent to the cnc command-line options. The configuration file is stored in user’s home directory. To find out the actual location of the home directory, do the following:

  • Linux/Mac

    echo $HOME
    
  • Windows

    echo %USERPROFILE%
    

Check out an example configuration file here.

File Format

{
  "ports": [
     {
       "comName": "/dev/ttyAMA0",
       "manufacturer": ""
     }
  ],
  "baudrates": [115200, 250000],
  "watchDirectory": "/path/to/dir",
  "accessTokenLifetime": "30d",
  "allowRemoteAccess": false,
  "controller": "",
  "state": {
    "checkForUpdates": true
  },
  "commands": [
    {
      "title": "Update (root user)",
      "commands": "sudo npm install -g cncjs@latest --unsafe-perm; pkill -a -f cnc"
    },
    {
      "title": "Update (non-root user)",
      "commands": "npm install -g cncjs@latest; pkill -a -f cnc"
    },
    {
      "title": "Reboot",
      "commands": "sudo /sbin/reboot"
    },
    {
      "title": "Shutdown",
      "commands": "sudo /sbin/shutdown"
    }
  ],
  "events": [],
  "macros": [],
  "users": []
}

Git Installation

If you prefer to use Git instead of npm install, You can create a local clone of the repository on your computer and sync from GitHub. Type the following commands to install and run cnc:

git clone https://github.com/cncjs/cncjs.git
cd cnc
git checkout master
npm install
npm run prepublish
./bin/cnc

To update your local copy with latest changes, use:

git checkout master
git pull origin master
npm install
npm run prepublish
./bin/cnc

This is the fastest method to bring your local copy up-to-date.


Docker Image Installation (x64 only)

Alternatively, you can install and run a Docker image within a Docker container. The first installation may take a long time to complete, but further updates will be much faster.

To install and set up cnc, take the following steps:

Step 1: Enter the following command to retrieve the latest version of the image:

docker pull cncjs/cncjs:latest

Step 2: Use the docker run command to create the Docker container and run the server, like so:

docker run --privileged -p 8000:8000 --rm --name cnc cncjs/cncjs:latest

By default a container is not allowed to access any devices, but a “privileged” container is given access to all devices on the host.

Step 3: If everything works fine, you should be able to view the web interface at http://yourhostname:8000/.

Docker Images

https://hub.docker.com/r/cncjs/cncjs/tags/

Tips

If you run into issues and need to restart the Docker container, use the following commands to first stop the Docker application, and then start it up again:

docker stop cnc
docker start cnc 

To view a list of all containers that are currently running in your Docker environment, use:

docker ps

To view all the images you have pulled into your Docker environment, use:

docker images

To delete containers in your Docker environment, use:

docker rm CONTAINER_ID

To delete images in your Docker environment, use:

docker rmi IMAGE_ID

To view the container in your terminal, use:

docker attach cnc
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